Diabetes Specialist

Bethesda Endocrinology

Michael Emmer, MD

Endocrinology & Internal Medicine located in Bethesda, MD

In the last few years, estimates showed that about 30.3 million Americans had diabetes, but 1 in 4 of those people didn’t even know they had it. Diabetes comes with serious health risks, so it’s vital to see Michael Emmer, MD, in Bethesda, Maryland, for diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Emmer can determine your risk of developing diabetes or tell you whether you have the disease, based on simple blood tests. To get reliable testing and effective treatment for diabetes, call Bethesda Endocrinology or schedule a visit online with Dr. Emmer today.

Diabetes Q & A

What are the signs of diabetes?

Diabetes has a number of specific symptoms that may signal to you that something is wrong. Common symptoms include:


  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss with Type 1 diabetes
  • Numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands and feet with Type 2 diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in childhood, though more children and adults in America are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes than ever before. Find out if you or your child is at risk for diabetes by getting tested by Dr. Emmer.

What causes diabetes?

Diabetes develops from a problem with the way your body absorbs glucose — or sugar — in your blood.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin. Insulin is needed to help your cells absorb the sugar from your blood. Without it, the sugar remains in your bloodstream and your cells don’t get the nutrients needed for energy or basic cellular functions.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t respond to the insulin produced by your pancreas. This is the most common type of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy, though the reason why is unclear. Maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and gaining the recommended amount of weight during pregnancy may reduce your chances of developing gestational diabetes.

Diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoiding complications from diabetes, including nerve pain, foot sores and wounds, and vision loss.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

Diabetes is diagnosed by a series of blood tests to measure the amount of sugar in your blood. These tests include:


This test measures your average blood sugar over 2-3 months.

Fasting plasma glucose

This test measures your blood sugar level after fasting for eight hours.

Oral glucose tolerance test

This test measures your blood sugar level after drinking a glucose-sweetened beverage. The test is used most often during pregnancy.

Random (also called ‘casual’) plasma glucose test

This is a blood test that involves pricking your finger to draw blood, which is tested to monitor your blood sugar level. This is used to monitor diabetes.

Dr. Emmer may recommend one or more of these tests, depending on your symptoms and health history.

How is diabetes treated?

Dr. Emmer treats patients with diabetes using an evidence-based diabetes management program. This includes lifestyle modifications, such as losing weight and changing your diet, and medications to lower your blood sugar. In some cases, you may need to take insulin to help your body absorb glucose effectively.

Get tested for diabetes by scheduling a visit at Bethesda Endocrinology today by phone or the online tool.